Language of the Union of India
The Constitution contains the following provisions in respect of the official language of the Union.
Subsequently, the Parliament enacted the Official Language Act in 1963. The act provides for the continued use of English (even after 1965), in addition to Hindi, for all official purposes of the Union and also for the transaction of business in Parliament. Notably, this act enables the use of English indefinitely (without any time-limit). Further, this act was amended in 1967 to make the use of English, in addition to Hindi, compulsory in certain cases.
The Constitution does not specify the official language of different states. In this regard, it makes the following provisions:
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