Giving representation to members of the Parliament (both the Houses) and the state legislature (both the Houses) in the panchayats at different levels falling within their constituencies.
Providing reservation of seats (both members and chairpersons) for backward classes in panchayats at any level.
Granting powers and authority to the panchayats to enable them to function as institutions of self-government (in brief, making them autonomous bodies).
Devolution of powers and responsibilities upon panchayats to prepare plans for economic development and social justice; and to perform some or all of the 29 functions listed in the Eleventh Schedule of the Constitution.
Granting financial powers to the pachayats, that is, authorizing them to levy, collect and appropriate taxes, duties, tolls and fees.